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University Driving Research Support

We are keen to outreach to Universities and other academic institutions around the UK and further afield to offer a free of charge platform where they can outreach to the UK driving public who visit this site. We receive around 25,000 visits a month, mainly UK based motorists, and have a driving forum with over 100,00 posts.

We are keen to help raise the profile of as a knowledge provider in the driver training and education sector. As a result we are keen to partner with academic institutions that wish to use our site for research or to publish relevant material.

There is no charge for this.

For more information on this please email in the first instance with the type of thing you are looking at.


Why Do We Drive On The Left In The UK?

Why do we drive on the left in the UK?

It seems crazy why some countries drive on the right and we drive on the left. Only around 35% of the words population drive on the left. However, we are not the only country that drives on this side of the road. Below is a list of other countries, which also drive on the left:

Anguilla – Antigua – Australia – Bahamas – Bangladesh – Barbados –Bermuda – Bhutan – Botswana – British Virgin Islands – Brunei – Cayman Islands – Channel Islands – Cyprus – Dominica – Eire – Falkland Islands – Fiji – Grenada – Guyana – Hong Kong – India – Indonesia – Isle of Man – Jamaica – Japan – Kenya – Lesotho – Macau – Malawi – Malaysia – Malta – Mauritius – Montserrat – Mozambique – Namibia – Nepal – New Zealand – Northern Ireland – Pakistan – Papua New Guinea – Samoa – Seychelles – Scotland – Singapore – Solomon Islands – South Africa – Sri Lanka – St Kitts & Nevis – St Helena – St Lucia – Surinam – Swaziland – Tanzania – Thailand – Tonga – Trinidad & Tobago – Turks & Caicos Islands – Uganda – US Virgin Islands – Zambia – St Vincent & Grenadines – Wales
Up until the late 1700’s, many years before the motorcar was invented, the entire world kept on the left when travelling. The reason for this was dates back way before the 1700’s. Most people were, and still are right handed. Knights with their lances under their right arm naturally passed on each other’s right hand side to allow attack. It made sense to then keep to the left when passing strangers on the road as a protective measure. It was safer to keep a protective sword handy between you and a potential threat.

It all started to change when Napoleon, who was left handed, overturned this practice as part of Frances social rethink. Any country which was part of the British Empire remained left handed, and those colonised by the French was right handed.
So why does America drive on the right?

The British played a very small role in shaping the side of the road Americans drive on. This was because the French colonised more southern states, the Dutch colonised New York and the Spanish colonised areas in South America.


Defensive Driving Courses

We offer defensive driving courses across the UK. We understand businesses know the advantages that driver training can bring, not only from a Duty of Care legal point, but for also for the interest of driver safety.

Benefits of our Courses:

* Improved driver safety
* Demonstrating your Duty of Care
* Reduced fuel costs
* Reduced fleet insurance premiums

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Defensive Driving Course – Costs:

We offer two course formats, a half day at £175 + vat a driver, and a full day at £310 + vat. Should you wish we can train drivers on a 2:1 format, with one being trained for 3.5hrs in the morning and one for 3.5hrs in the afternoon.

This works out at just £155 + vat a driver. If you are looking to train a number of drivers, we can offer this 2:1 training across several locations over days or weeks. Many of our customers have 100+ drivers all in different locations. As part of our service to you, we can offer not only training but full assistance in arranging the drivers at different locations. We understand finding time in a drivers diary can be tricky, but we have many years of doing this, and our team have got this off to a fine art!

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Course Content:

Our defensive driving courses (also know as advanced driving courses) cover the following elements:

* Observation & Forward Planning: We help drivers look much further up the road when driving. Many traffic incidents occur due to a lack of planning and observation. We help drivers look and think – and not just see.

* Anticipation: We help drivers develop an enquiring mind when driving. Has that driver seen me? What is that cycling doing? All these are critical factors in learning to be a safe driver. Anticipation is a key element of driving and intertwines with observation and forward planning.

* Car Control: We help drivers on our defensive driving course to understand all elements of car control, from use of the steering and foot controls, to learning how to handle a car on different road surfaces and types, in varying weather conditions.

* Rules of the Road: Many drivers are not aware of the various rules of the road. During our defensive driving courses we ensure any obvious gaps in their knowledge is filled and that their level of knowledge improves. Rules of the road includes regulations, and traffic signs along with any other relevant issues.

* All Weather Driving: Our defensive driving courses are designed to equip drivers with the necessary skills to drive in all weather. We cover this in theory and if the weather permits, in practise too!

* Driver Psychology: We help drivers understanding the thinking, both positive and negative which makes up a driver, and look at various issues such as driving when tired, driving when distracted and coping with road rage.


Bespoke Training:

Unlike other course providers, our courses are designed around the needs of the driver, so if one driver has an issue with attention, we can focus on that, if another has an issue with speed, we can work on their speed awareness. Drivers taking our defensive driving courses vary hugely. Below are a range of drivers we help:

* Drivers who require training as part of company policy

* At risk drivers – those who are having too many accidents in company cars or vans

* New to UK drivers – those who have only recently come to the UK and need an introduction to our roads

Request Your Quote – Learn More:
We can help with all drivers, of all abilities – please contact us for a quote on 0333 567 0264 or email for more info. You can also request a quote using the form to the upper right of this screen.

View our road sign test

The Law on Using a Mobile Phone When Driving

The Highway Code states that you must exercise proper control of your vehicle at all times. You are not allowed to use a hand-held mobile phone or similar when driving. Also if you are supervising a learner driver.

It has been illegal to use a hand-held mobile phone when driving since December 2003. It is actually illegal to use a mobile phone (phone to ear) while not only driving, but when also stopped with the engine on.

The only time you can use a hand-held phone is when dialling 999 or 112, and when it is not safe or impractical to stop. The Highway Code does say you should never use a hands-free device when driving – although legally you can still use them as long as you exercise proper control of your vehicle.

There is a great deal of debate surrounding the use of hands-free devices. There has been a great deal of research carried out that shows people simply can’t concentrate effectively even when using a hands free.

There is actually little cognitive load (concentration) required to hold a mobile phone, where as engaging in a detailed or emotionally driven conversation (even with a hands-free device) can have a huge effect on a driver’s concentration.

The main impact of using a hand-held phone when driving is that both hands are not on the steering wheel, thus the driver has less control. However, the main issue of using a mobile phone when driving is the issue of excessive cognitive load. Drivers simply can’t concentrate when driving and engaging in a detailed conversation!


You can get an automatic fixed penalty notice if you are caught using a hand-held phone when driving. This means you will get 3 penalty points and a £100 fine. If you are driving a bus or good vehicle the punishment is much more severe. You could get a maximum fine of £2,500.

If you refuse to accept the fixed penalty you will be summonsed to appear in court. You will also be taken to court if the policeman thinks the office is so bad that a fixed penalty is not enough. This could be for example if you were driving in a dangerous manor, overtaking etc whist using a mobile phone.

These offences apply to using a mobile phone when driving. If you cause a crash whilst using a mobile, you could be prostituted for careless or dangerous driving, or if someone dies, death though dangerous driving, which carries a maximum of 14 years in prison.

Your employer maybe prostituted if they cause or permit you to drive whilst using a phone or to not have proper control of the vehicle. They can also be open to prosecution if they require you to make or receive calls whilst driving. Finally your employer can be prosecuted if you drive dangerously due to the fact that you are using a phone installed by your employer. The last note made is a little vague, as it would be hard to work out how exactly your dangerous driving was attributed to using a phone. However, there have been cases where this has occurred.

Our advice when using a mobile phone in a car is:

1. Always act in accordance with the law.

2. Always consider yours and other peoples safety.

3. If you need to talk, find a safe place to stop and switch your engine off. If you miss a phone call you can always call someone back a few moment later.

4. Avoid the temptation to check a text, email or the latest Facebook status from your friends!

5. If you feel despite your best efforts you find yourself wanting to use your phone when driving, put it safely in the boot of your vehicle. This way you may find playing with it a little trickier to say the least!

Learn more about the UK law surrounding mobile phones from .gov – more info